Data Storage Security: Data storage security means different kinds of methods and settings which makes storage resources available to the authorized users and trustworthy networks and makes is unavailable to the other group of people. This kind of methods and settings can also be used for hardware, programming, communications and for organizational policy.
DATA SECURITY AND PROTECTION METHODS:
The importance of data storage methods is huge. In today’s world securing data has become a mammoth task. Data protection methods include encryption of data, traffic encryption and VPN, access control and user authorization, network monitoring, reporting and forensics and intrusion prevention system also.
Encryption of Data:
Encryption means changing the information in such a way so that it becomes unreadable for the common users except those possessing special knowledge (usually referred to as a “key”) as it allows them to change the data in a readable form. Encryption of data is necessary as it allows us to protect the data from those persons with whom we don’t want to share our data. In business it can be used to protect corporate secrets, governments can use it to secure classified with information, and many individuals use it to protect personal information to guard against things like identity theft. Approximately 78% people use this method to protect their data.
Encryption of folder can protect folder contents, which could contain emails, chat histories, tax information, credit card numbers, or any other sensitive information. In this way, even if your computer is stolen that data is safe.
Traffic encryption is actually officially known as hypertext transfer protocol secure (HTTPS) which secures the conduction of information to and from a website. It ensures secure communication in a computer network and at present, it is widely used for internet security. In HTTPS, the communication protocol is encrypted by Transport Layer Security (TLS), or formerly, its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). The protocol is often referred to as HTTP over TLS or HTTP over SSL.
The prime motive behind HTTPS is verification of the accessed website and protection of the privacy and trustworthiness of the exchanged data. It protects against man-in-the-middle attacks. The bidirectional encryption of communications between a client and server protects against spying and tampering of the communication. In practice, this provides a reasonable promise that one can protect their data from imposition. About 60% people use this method to protect their data.
Access control and user authorization:
Authorization means such kind of security systems challenge you to prove you are the customer, user, or employee whom you claim to be, using a password, token, or other forms of testimonial. People are actually less familiar with the term authorization, they actually know it as access control. About 56% people use it to protect their valuable data.
Authentication verifies person’s identity and enables authorization. It decides what a person’s identity is allowed to do. For example, any student of a university can create and use an identity (e.g., a username) to log into that university’s online service but the university’s authorization policy must ensure that only you are authorized to access your individual account online once your identity is verified.
A network monitoring system generally keeps the track of the whole IT substructure with all devices and systems. Everything that uses a defined interface and delivers status information via standard protocol is controlled by administrators can monitor. The monitoring software must simply establish contact with the device or service using an IP address and can then retrieve the current device status. This helps the IT department to keep an eye on the status of every area in the IT infrastructure at all times. The main motive is to achieve supreme accessibility and finest performance in the network. To do this, the network monitoring system must cover three security-significant aspects which include monitoring the actual security systems, identifying unusual occurrences, and checking environmental parameters.
Apart from the above-mentioned methods intrusion prevention system, forensics, backup of data regularly can secure data which are valuable to us.
TYPES OF DATA SECURITY MEASURES:
Securing data should be a vital area of concern for every type of business owner. When one save all his business information for example clients contact, loss, gain, his bank account number in the computer then if anyone wants to harm his business he or she can simple hack his data. In this regard, data security should be everyone’s prime priority.
According to the most recent Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report, an estimated “285 million records were compromised in 2008.” And about 74 percent of those occurrences were from outside sources. Following are some data security measures which has been implemented for securing our data:
Establish strong passwords
Keeping a strong password is one of the easiest measures which can protect our data.
A combination of capital and lower-case letters, numbers and symbols and make it 8 to 12 characters can make a strong password.
We should not use any kinds of a name which is related to our personal lives, for example, our own name, phone number, numbers of letters which comes one after another in the keyboard according to the Microsoft.
We should also follow that the length of the password remains long or medium.
As for how often you should change your password, we should change our passwords after every 90 days says Roland Cloutier, Chief Security Officer for ADP.
We need to make sure every individual has their own username and password for any login system, from desktops to your CMS. And finally, writing password anywhere can be a dangerous thing too.
Put up a strong firewall
In order to make a protected network firewall is a must. It can protect our network by controlling internet traffic coming into and flowing out of your business
Install antivirus protection
Antivirus and anti-malware software are essentials in your arsenal of online security weapons, as well. They actually work as the last line of defense Cloutier added.
Update your programs regularly
It is important to update your apps and other software as new updated versions are more useful and they maintain more modern ways to protect our data.
“Your security applications are only as good as their most recent update,” Watchinski, Senior Director of the Vulnerability Research Team for Sourcefire explains. “While applications are not 100 percent fool-proof, it is important to regularly update these tools to help keep your users safe.”
Frequently updating programs keeps a person up-to-date on any recent issues or holes that programmers have fixed.
Secure your laptops
As laptops are portable they are easier to steal or they can be lost easily. Encrypting our laptop in a proper manner is the easiest way to keep our data secure. Encryption software changes the way information looks on the hard drive so that, without the correct password, it can’t be read.
We must not keep our laptops in the car or any other place open so that the thief cannot take them. Even if necessary we need to lock them in the trunk.
Secure your mobile phones
Smartphones hold many of our data, sometimes we keep our most valuable passwords, data and security methods. Smartphones also can be stolen easily so we need to keep them secure for our own safety.
The must-haves for mobile phones: Encryption software, password -protection Remote wiping enabled.
Remote wiping is “extremely effective,” Cloutier says, recounting the story of one executive who lost his Blackberry in an airport after he had been looking at the company’s quarterly financials. The exec called IT in a panic, and within 15 minutes they were able to completely wipe the phone.
Scheduling regular backups to an external hard drive, or in the cloud, is a painless way to ensure that all your data is stored safely.
The general rule of thumb for backups: servers should have a complete backup weekly, and incremental backups every night; personal computers should also be backed up completely every week, but you can do incremental backups every few days.
Getting your data compromised is painful so need to back up them for our own benefits.
All the great technologies do not have any use if there is no one to keep them or practice them. One good monitoring tool. Data-leakage prevention software, which is set up at key network touch points to look for specific information coming out of your internal network. It can be configured to look for credit card numbers, pieces of code, or any bits of information relevant to your business that would indicate a breach.
IMPORTANCE OF DATA SECURITY:
The importance of data security is huge. Data are one of the most important parts of our lives. Our business, job all these things are related to data. So, if anyone steals our data they can simply ruin our lives.
Encryption is significant because it allows you to securely protect data that you don’t want anyone else to have access to. Encryption can securely protect folder contents, which could contain emails, chat histories, tax information, credit card numbers, or any other sensitive information.
Everyone is worried about moving sensitive data to the cloud, and many organizations perceive that the cloud is not as safe as their own data center. Encryption of data helps us move to the Cloud safely.
Encryption of data helps us to achieve secure multi-tenancy in the cloud. If you encrypt data before it enters the cloud, and retain control of the encryption keys, you can ensure your data is safe, regardless of its neighbors. Hy-Trust Data Control provides the ability to encrypt the data in VMs before moving them to the cloud while you retain control of the encryption keys in your data center.
Lastly, it can be said that encryption is mandatory for our cause if we do not encrypt our data our personal information will be hacked and our life will be more disastrous. So, we need to save our data for our own betterment and for our own safety.