Data Storage Security: Data storage security means different kinds of methods and settings which makes storage resources available to the authorized users and trustworthy networks and makes is unavailable to the other group of people. This kind of methods and settings can also be used for hardware, programming, communications and for organizational policy.


The importance of data storage methods is huge. In today’s world securing data has become a mammoth task. Data protection methods include encryption of data, traffic encryption and VPN, access control and user authorization, network monitoring, reporting and forensics and intrusion prevention system also.

Encryption of Data:

Encryption means changing the information in such a way so that it becomes unreadable for the common users except those possessing special knowledge (usually referred to as a “key”) as it allows them to change the data in a readable form. Encryption of data is necessary as it allows us to protect the data from those persons with whom we don’t want to share our data. In business it can be used to protect corporate secrets, governments can use it to secure classified with information, and many individuals use it to protect personal information to guard against things like identity theft. Approximately 78% people use this method to protect their data.

Encryption of folder can protect folder contents, which could contain emails, chat histories, tax information, credit card numbers, or any other sensitive information. In this way, even if your computer is stolen that data is safe.

Traffic encryption:

Traffic encryption is actually officially known as hypertext transfer protocol secure (HTTPS) which secures the conduction of information to and from a website. It ensures secure communication in a computer network and at present, it is widely used for internet security. In HTTPS, the communication protocol is encrypted by Transport Layer Security (TLS), or formerly, its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). The protocol is often referred to as HTTP over TLS or HTTP over SSL.

The prime motive behind HTTPS is verification of the accessed website and protection of the privacy and trustworthiness of the exchanged data. It protects against man-in-the-middle attacks. The bidirectional encryption of communications between a client and server protects against spying and tampering of the communication. In practice, this provides a reasonable promise that one can protect their data from imposition. About 60% people use this method to protect their data.

Access control and user authorization:

Authorization means such kind of security systems challenge you to prove you are the customer, user, or employee whom you claim to be, using a password, token, or other forms of testimonial. People are actually less familiar with the term authorization, they actually know it as access control. About 56% people use it to protect their valuable data.

Authentication verifies person’s identity and enables authorization. It decides what a person’s identity is allowed to do. For example, any student of a university can create and use an identity (e.g., a username) to log into that university’s online service but the university’s authorization policy must ensure that only you are authorized to access your individual account online once your identity is verified.

Network monitoring:

A network monitoring system generally keeps the track of the whole IT substructure with all devices and systems. Everything that uses a defined interface and delivers status information via standard protocol is controlled by administrators can monitor. The monitoring software must simply establish contact with the device or service using an IP address and can then retrieve the current device status. This helps the IT department to keep an eye on the status of every area in the IT infrastructure at all times. The main motive is to achieve supreme accessibility and finest performance in the network. To do this, the network monitoring system must cover three security-significant aspects which include monitoring the actual security systems, identifying unusual occurrences, and checking environmental parameters.

Apart from the above-mentioned methods intrusion prevention system, forensics, backup of data regularly can secure data which are valuable to us.


Securing data should be a vital area of concern for every type of business owner. When one save all his business information for example clients contact, loss, gain, his bank account number in the computer then if anyone wants to harm his business he or she can simple hack his data. In this regard, data security should be everyone’s prime priority.

According to the most recent Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report, an estimated “285 million records were compromised in 2008.” And about 74 percent of those occurrences were from outside sources. Following are some data security measures which has been implemented for securing our data:

  1. Establish strong passwords

Keeping a strong password is one of the easiest measures which can protect our data.

A combination of capital and lower-case letters, numbers and symbols and make it 8 to 12 characters can make a strong password.

We should not use any kinds of a name which is related to our personal lives, for example, our own name, phone number, numbers of letters which comes one after another in the keyboard according to the Microsoft.

We should also follow that the length of the password remains long or medium.

As for how often you should change your password, we should change our passwords after every 90 days says Roland Cloutier, Chief Security Officer for ADP.

We need to make sure every individual has their own username and password for any login system, from desktops to your CMS. And finally, writing password anywhere can be a dangerous thing too.

  1. Put up a strong firewall

In order to make a protected network firewall is a must. It can protect our network by controlling internet traffic coming into and flowing out of your business

  1. Install antivirus protection

Antivirus and anti-malware software are essentials in your arsenal of online security weapons, as well. They actually work as the last line of defense Cloutier added.

  1. Update your programs regularly

It is important to update your apps and other software as new updated versions are more useful and they maintain more modern ways to protect our data.

“Your security applications are only as good as their most recent update,” Watchinski, Senior Director of the Vulnerability Research Team for Sourcefire explains. “While applications are not 100 percent fool-proof, it is important to regularly update these tools to help keep your users safe.”

Frequently updating programs keeps a person up-to-date on any recent issues or holes that programmers have fixed.

  1. Secure your laptops

As laptops are portable they are easier to steal or they can be lost easily. Encrypting our laptop in a proper manner is the easiest way to keep our data secure. Encryption software changes the way information looks on the hard drive so that, without the correct password, it can’t be read.

We must not keep our laptops in the car or any other place open so that the thief cannot take them. Even if necessary we need to lock them in the trunk.

  1. Secure your mobile phones

Smartphones hold many of our data, sometimes we keep our most valuable passwords, data and security methods. Smartphones also can be stolen easily so we need to keep them secure for our own safety.

The must-haves for mobile phones: Encryption software, password -protection Remote wiping enabled.

Remote wiping is “extremely effective,” Cloutier says, recounting the story of one executive who lost his Blackberry in an airport after he had been looking at the company’s quarterly financials. The exec called IT in a panic, and within 15 minutes they were able to completely wipe the phone.

  1. Backup regularly

Scheduling regular backups to an external hard drive, or in the cloud, is a painless way to ensure that all your data is stored safely.

The general rule of thumb for backups: servers should have a complete backup weekly, and incremental backups every night; personal computers should also be backed up completely every week, but you can do incremental backups every few days.

Getting your data compromised is painful so need to back up them for our own benefits.

  1. Monitor diligently

All the great technologies do not have any use if there is no one to keep them or practice them. One good monitoring tool. Data-leakage prevention software, which is set up at key network touch points to look for specific information coming out of your internal network. It can be configured to look for credit card numbers, pieces of code, or any bits of information relevant to your business that would indicate a breach.


The importance of data security is huge. Data are one of the most important parts of our lives. Our business, job all these things are related to data. So, if anyone steals our data they can simply ruin our lives.

 Encryption is significant because it allows you to securely protect data that you don’t want anyone else to have access to. Encryption can securely protect folder contents, which could contain emails, chat histories, tax information, credit card numbers, or any other sensitive information.

Everyone is worried about moving sensitive data to the cloud, and many organizations perceive that the cloud is not as safe as their own data center. Encryption of data helps us move to the Cloud safely.

Encryption of data helps us to achieve secure multi-tenancy in the cloud. If you encrypt data before it enters the cloud, and retain control of the encryption keys, you can ensure your data is safe, regardless of its neighbors. Hy-Trust Data Control provides the ability to encrypt the data in VMs before moving them to the cloud while you retain control of the encryption keys in your data center.

Lastly, it can be said that encryption is mandatory for our cause if we do not encrypt our data our personal information will be hacked and our life will be more disastrous. So, we need to save our data for our own betterment and for our own safety.

In this internet-based era, everyone is moving on high-speed cables. Cat7 is the most updated cable and day by day the uses of these cables are increasing.  It has some exclusive features which are making it a very popular in the market. It has some unique specifications and it is also much advanced than other generation cables such as Cat5 or Cat6. The difference between these cables is huge. As it is a much-updated version, in some ways it is kind of expensive. So you can say Cat7 is really an advanced type of cable and people chose it because of its specifications, flexibility and so on.

What is a cat 7

Cat 7 means category 7. It is an Ethernet-based 7th generation twisted pair cable. It is used for the high-speed network. It has a performance of 600 MHZ. The most impressive feature is that it can support 10 Gigabyte per second.

Some features of Cat 7 are,

  • It can transmit at 10000 Mbps per seconds in maximum length of 100 meters.
  • The cables are built to give support up to 600MHZ,
  • It has an impressive résistance from EMI.
  • It consumes very low voltage.
  • By installing it, a home user can be benefited cause its smart installation process.

Cat 7 cable specification

Cat 7 is very advanced and because of it have some special quality, which makes it unique from other cables.

Outside Specification:

  • 100 meters single cables.
  • 4 pair copper wire & each wire is individually shielded.
  • The cable can operate at a speed of 10000 Mbps even in 100 meters and transmit frequencies up to 600 MHz.

Inner Specification:

  • Can transmit data at an exceptionally high speed.
  • An Imprecise EMI resistance capacity.
  • Consume a very low voltage and save energy.
  • A single cable is individually shielded, that’s why it’s protected from crosstalk.

Is cat 7 better than cat 6a

Cat 6a and Cat7, both are much-upgraded cables. Cat 6a is the upgraded version of Cat 6. So Before declaring that, which cable is better, let’s check their Specifications.

  • Cat 6a can transmit 10 GB data speed which is very impressive but the downside is that it can only transmit this higher rate of date in a very short length. Cat7 is also capable of transmitting 10 GB speed per second. But it can continue this high speed transmitting up to 100 meters. Which is actually very high.
  • Cat 6a have the capacity to minimize the issue of crosstalk. But in Cat7 every single wire is individually shielded, that’s why it’s more protected from crosstalk.
  • In Cat6a it supports bandwidth frequencies of up to 500 MHz, which is about twice the amount of Cat6. But in Cat7 the bandwidth frequency is around 600 MHz, Which is better than 6a.
  • There are also some other ways, where Cat7 is much advance than Cat6a. Such as Resisting to EMI, Low voltage consumption and it is also easy to identify.

So by checking this specification, we can come to a conclusion that, Cat7 is much advance than Cat6.

What is the speed of cat 7 cable

Cat7 cable is well known for its speed. It is more advanced than Cat6a, Cat6, and other cables. It can transmit data in 10 GB per second. Unlike other, it can continue this high speed up to 100 meters (around 329 feet).  But in the laboratory have shown its ability to transmit 40 GB per second between 50 meters and 100 GB per second between 15 meters. It also can transmit bandwidth at a maximum speed of 600 MHz.Cat7 is really an impressive cable. Its capacity to transmit data is far better than other cables.

What is cat 6e

Cat6e is also known as Enhanced Category 6 cables.  It is an enhanced argument design to double the transmission frequency to 500 MHz where Cat6 transmission frequency is around 250 MHz. By covering foil shielding, Cat6 can be transmitted up to 100 meters with a max speed of 10gbps. It is an advanced version of Cat6.

Is there a cat 7 cable

Cat 7 is the upgraded version of Cat 6. It is better than Cat 6 in all aspects. This cable can transmit bandwidth up to 600MHz with a speed of 10GBPS. Its connector type is GG45.It is also very low voltage consuming cable. And its installation process is also very smart. Working on multiplication or in office, this cable is used widely.

What is the maximum distance for cat 7 cable

Cat7 cables accepted maximum length is about 100 meters. Maximum distance for any cables means that how far the cable can transmit data at its max speed. Cable 7 is the only cable that has a maximum length of 100 meters. But in laborites, it has proved its test that, it can transmit data of 40gbps in the range of 50 meters.

What are the best Ethernet cables

Now there are lots of generations of Ethernet cables available and each generation have different variants. Mostly the latest upgraded variants are considered to be the best Ethernet cables. Analyzing the demand of the market, the best Ethernet can be considered as Cat5E, Cat6 and Cat here is a short description of these cables, why these are considered as the best.

Cat5E: CaT5E also known as enhanced category E is a 5th generation cable. It is kind of old compared to Cat 6 and Cat7. But it has a speed of 1000 Mbps and transmits data in a speed of 100MHz. though it is old, still it is commonly used for LAN connections in households. Because in households, not everyone needs a 10GBPS speed.

Cat6: Cat 6 is the 6th generation of cables and with an impressive speed of 10 GBPS. But the maximum length is lower in comparison Cat7. The cat6 have a bandwidth of around 250 MHz It is used for supplying higher network with a short range is abounded 55meter.  It has a lower crosstalk and it also used to provide LAN service in Households and office.

Cat7: It’s the 7th generation and most advanced cables. Its maximum speed is around 10GBPS and it’s built to transmit around 600 MHz .each of the single wire is individually shielded, that’s why it’s protected from crosstalk. Its main uses are controlling multiple tasks at a time or in the offices.

So, because of its service to our day to day life, these cables are considered to be the best among all the cables.

What’s the difference between cat 5 cat 6 cat 7 cable

Cat5 Cat6 and Cat7, all the cables are proved as a very renowned cable. But as three cables are from different generations, there is much difference between them. Let’s see the difference between them.

  • Cat5 is the 5th generation cable and it is launched in the 20th century. On the other hand, Cat6 is the 6th generation cable and launched in the 21st century. But Cat7 is the latest of all of them. It is considered to be the most advanced Category cables and it is launched in around 2010.
  • Cat5 has a maximum speed of 10 to 100 Mbps. On the other hand, cat6 has a maximum speed of 10gbps.but it can only transmit this high speed at maximum 55 meters. But cat7 a maximum speed of 10gbps and it can transmit this high speed at maximum 100 meters. But in laborites, it is tested that, Cat7 has a maximum speed of 40gbps in between 50 meters.
  • The maximum bandwidth of cat5 is 100 MHz which is very less considered to Cat6 and Cat7. Cat6 has a maximum bandwidth of 250 MHz. The cat7 maximum bandwidth more than doubles then Cat6. Its maximum bandwidth is 600 MHz.
  • Cat5 didn’t last many days. It only served a few years and replaced by its variant, Cat5e. And still, it is on service. Cat6 is still in service but its variant Cat6a is very advanced and well-known. The cat7 is still much updated but its advanced variant is cat7a.
  • Cat5 is still in service in some places. But mostly replaced by Cat5e. It mostly used in household’s or schools LAN connection. Cat 6 is mainly used in universities and offices where strong internet connection needed. But cat7 is the backbone of data centers and used where exceptionally high-speed bandwidth needed.
  • The Cat5 cable type is very old. Cat5 is UTP type cable. But cat6 is UTP or STP type of cables. But Cat7 is the most advanced type. It is STP or FTP type of cables.
  • The shielding of the wire is optional for Cat5. But in Cat6 and Cat7 it is individually shielded and more protected from crosstalk.

Category cables comparison:




5th generation cable 6th generation cable 7th generation cable
Maximum speed 10 Mbps to 100 Mbps Maximum speed 10gbps  in between 55 meters Maximum speed 10gbps in between 100 meters
Bandwidth 100 MHz Bandwidth 250 MHz Bandwidth 600 MHz
Cable type UTP Cable type UTP or STP Cable type STP or FTP
Mainly use in households or Schools University’s and offices where high-speed internet needed Data centers and where exceptionally high-speed internet needed
Shielding is optionally Shielded and protected crosstalk Shielded and protected crosstalk

Cat7 is the most advanced 7th generation cable. It has a maximum speed of 10000 Mbps and the maximum length is around 100 meters. And its bandwidth is 600 MHz. so in these information’s, it is quite understandable that Cat7 is more advanced than other cables. And it is quite expensive too. That’s why it is only in those areas where exceptionally high-speed internet needed. It is the backbone of data centers. Multi-storied offices, software farms and other places also use these cables. But households and other small office or schools do not use these cables as they don’t need such high-speed internet.

Does anyone use cat 7

Cat7 is the most advanced 7th generation cable. It has a maximum speed of 10000 Mbps and the maximum length is around 100 meters. And its bandwidth is 600 MHz. so in these information’s, it is quite understandable that Cat7 is more advanced than other cables. And it is quite expensive too. That’s why it is only in those areas where exceptionally high-speed internet needed. It is the backbone of data centers. Multistoried offices, software farms and other places also use these cables. But households and other small office or schools do not use these cables as they don’t need such high-speed internet.

Isn’t cat 7 much more expensive

Cat7 is very advanced and high-speed cables. For Cat6 2000feet cable is around 200$ and installation cost is around 50$.But for Cat7 the cable cost is around 1200$ per 2000 is around 6 times more expensive than cat6. The installation cost is also not standard. Different companies charge differently. But it is estimated that the installation cost is around 50% higher than Cat6. In that case, for Cat7 the installation cost is roughly 75$. For cat7a, the cable cost is 1600$ per 2000 feet. So we can surely tell that it is much more expensive than Cat6 and in future, it could replace the older generation cables. So it’s totally worth it.

Why do you recommend I use cat 7 cable

It is true that Cat7 is more expensive than cat6. But I recommending cat7 cables because of these reasons;

  • It is more advanced than Cat6a or any other cables. It is flexible and expendable for cabling.
  • It has a maximum speed of 10Gbps for maximum 100meters. Which is far better than Cat6. With this high-speed internet, working will be much more efficient and user-friendly.
  • Where cat6 bandwidth is 250 MHz, Cat7 has a bandwidth of 600 MHz. Which is around double than Cat6.
  • In University’s, households and another place, it can be easily installed.
  • Its demand is increasing day by day and as it is a smart cable and because of its service in near future, surely it will replace other cables.
  • Cat7 single cable is double shielded. Because of that it is much more protected from crosstalk.
  • Cat7 consume extremely low voltage. Because of that, it consumes less power than Cat5.

Because of these features, I recommended the Cat7 rather than other cables.

Is there a way to cut down on cables in my smart home

There are ways to cut down on cables in a smart home. Cat7 is very low voltage consuming and has a great bandwidth speed. By using this, it reduces the need for more cables. It is also very flexible. You can connect your devices to a room by room basics rather than connect all of them to a central point. These methods reduce the cable uses. so please ask your local internet service provider to provide cat7 cable while connecting to internet service.

How To Cable Management – Full Guide

So in these circumstances, we can say that Cat7 is really much more advanced than other cables. Because of its quality’s, we can tell that in future other cables may be replaced by this cable.

Simplification of our daily life is the core aim of today’s Technology however occasionally it may mislead people to think that installation of systems that facilitate our daily life technologically for instance- different security systems that require intricate tasks may be done by following step by step tutorial videos of online DIY (do it yourself) projects though there are certain incidents and situation where it is better to take the professional support regarding this kind of cases. By taking the professional support regarding Security System Installation one can be benefited by several ways like-

  • Professional Expertise
  • Reduced work pressure and so forth.

Every security systems require installation it may be done by professionals or by oneself. In one hand Professional installation is easy and hassle-free on the other hand DIY installation is cheaper than professional installation. Both of the methods have some positive and some negative factors. The suitability of each of the method may vary. In this article, the rundown will be provided thus one can take the decision which kind of installation method will be fitting in their case.

Professional Installation

In Professional Installation the best facility one can get is professional assistance and experienced service while is system is being installed properly to carry out the particular functions.Usually, while calling for ordering particular security system one can schedule a preferable and matchable time of him/her and the professional installer thus the person be present when the particular security system is being installed by the professional installer. The scheduled waiting time depends and varies based on the area and the locality where the security service is going to be installed.

Another prime motive to choose the Professional installation service may be getting the advantage of the experience of installation the similar or same kinds of service. A professional installer can provide the assurance of proper installation of security pieces of equipment and appropriate guidelines to use the certain types of equipment in a hassle and risk-free manner.

One of the major pitfalls of choosing and getting professional installation service is the large upfront cost in the form of installation or activation charge. There may be the strong chance of not matching up the schedule of a professional installer and the service taker. Additionally, if there is a probability of shifting to latest property then at the time of shifting installation cost for the second time is required as well.

Several affirmative aspects are available to support the idea of Professional Installation these are-

  • Hassle-free installation- If one takes the professional help them while installing the security system one can relax since there is very little or no chance of dispute installation. The particular person can involve in other activities while the security system is being involved.
  • Professional Experience- Professional assistance in security service installation provides the user with the facility of effective, accurate and efficient installation on time. Moreover at the time of installation user can get the advantage to gain knowledge regarding the appropriate usage pattern. In such manner, a user becomes able to be the effective user from the day one of operation of the particular security system.
  • Discount Facility-Based on the subject to availability of promotions; if any person pays for professional installation services then service providing organization may include their offered cost-saving incentives towards the user.

There are number of pessimistic aspects available to oppose the idea of Professional Installation these are-

  • High Installation Charge-If a technician has been appointed to come to install the security system, it’ll cost you a large amount of money that may not be feasible for many people.
  • Less control on infrastructure- To set up the security system professional person will go for a standardized process for almost all clients. Thus if customization required then it is suggested not to use the Professional Installation facilities.
  • Conflict in the schedule- One is supposed to be in the place where the technician has been appointed to provide the professional service. This conflict in the schedule between service taker and the installer may happen.

DIY Installation

The best benefit one can get from DIY installation is –one does not have to pay any installation charge for installing a security system additionally it can be installed in any convenient timing since owner is doing the installation by his or her self as well as if owner suspect any requirement to add or re-configure any latest infrastructure he or she can easily go for it. Nowadays there are several companies in the market who provide you with the opportunity and instructions to install your types of equipment by the DIY method.

The premium competence of using DIY method is user can go through the process at ease. There are numbers of organizations such as FrontPoint, SimpliSafe, and Protect America provides the advantage of minimal work requirement while going through DIY installation methods. If any use chooses a security system that facilitates self-installation then they get the benefit of choosing system that is completely wireless, requires few or no tools usage, standard types of equipment with adhesive backing thus one just need to place only the sensors along with the control panel around the place and activate the security system.


You may have several queries like: 

  • local security system installers
  • security system installation near me
  • home security systems installation
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  • security system installation cost
  • how to install home security system by yourself
  • professional home security camera systems
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Best Professional Installation Home Security Companies


However, the prime most pitfall of DIY installation is, a room of insecurity is always there during and after installation, therefore, the user remains in confusion regarding the accuracy of system installation. Though by the DIY practice professionals provide advice over the phone since they have not become able to see the actual set up of installation place in person thus they can provide the user with the standardized ideas only.

Numerous confirmatory features are available to support the idea of DIY Installation these are-

  • No Installation Charge- DIY method provides the facility of doing it my own thus it helps a user to save money.
  • Hassle free Scheduling-By choosing the DIT method one can easily comply with the hassle-free scheduling as par convenience since a DIY method of installation will be operated by his or her own.
  • Configure the equipments as par own convenience- DIY methods helps the user to set the infrastructure as par his or her usage convenience.
  • Coziness in place- Since DIY method runs by the user thus one does not face the hassle to decorate the place for a visitor (Technicians).

Some unenthusiastic aspects are also available to oppose the idea of DIY Installation these are-

  • Manage the intricate process of DIY installation by own
  • No support of expert in-person
  • High Equipment expenditure and so forth

In Florida, there are security system installation companies those who provide professional and DIY Installation but JR Electronics Online specialized in their own field. The pros and cons of each method have been discussed in the whole conversation so far so based on the suitability and convenience one can easily choose either of the methods to serve his or her customized purpose.

Usually, Installation of fiber optic cable in Tempa can be done by using many of the similar methods as conventional copper cables. Some guidelines are briefly mentioned to carry out the fiber optic cable installation method inappropriate manner-

  1. Never directly pull on the fiber directly. It is suggested to pull on the fiber cable strength members only
  2. Cable bend radius should not exceed and long enough for the run.
  3. The maximum pulling load rating not to be exceeded. Understand and scrutinize the maximum recommended load rating of the cable.
  4. Roll the cable off the spool.
  5. Conduct the Installation in the planned manner. Pull, do not push cables. Use proper tools and techniques.
  6. Monitor the supply reel during installation.
  7. Communicate all along the course of the installation.
  8. Comply with the limits of vertical rise. Permits the thermal expansion and contraction.
  9. Appropriate safety precaution must be taken – no food, drink or smoke or look into the fiber without checking status.
  10. Leave service loops and Segregate the work area.
  11. In case of direct burial installations, the cable should lie flat in a trench and vehicles to drive over a cable will not be permitted.
  12. Vault locations should be set near the sharpest bend locations to minimize cable tensions.
  13. Categorize lightwave equipment that will be used and ensured that the pieces of equipment will function appropriately.

Perfunctorily Optical fibers are different from steel and copper cables, and In Tempa the methods to install them are significantly different indeed. Fibers are extremely brittle, elastic at the same time. Fibers must be confined by tensile forces (axial), compressive forces and bending. Fiber laying is a specialized area that has to be performed by the trained and experienced workforce. Fiber optic cable laying procedures; those are practiced in Tempa are discussed below in a brief manner-

Ducting & Trenching refers to the conventional method of laying optical fibers popularly used in most developing countries. This particular method involves creating a trench through manual or mechanized soil mining. This is a preferable approach in those countries where manual labor is cheap.

Mini Trenching- For Mini Trenching; Mechanized equipment has been used on many different surfaces. However, this technique is not suitable for soil with cobbles or gravel, or sandy soil. This method can be used on the path that has asphalt surfaces and has an advantage over conventional cable laying methods in that it is much faster to execute.

 There are three methods of mini trenching that are commonly used in real world. These are:

  • Standard Method
  • Semi-Automated
  • Fully Automated

Micro Trenching-Unlike conventional trenching, Micro-trenching creates a shallow trench in asphalt, the measurement typically contains 2 cm wide and 30 cm deep. Special microtubes are then placed in the grooves and to be filled, typically by cold asphalt. The fibers are blown into the tubes.

Aerial Cables-By using the similar techniques that are used for copper telecommunication cables; Aerial fiber optic cables are installed in the real world. Nevertheless, It is important to understand that the transmission characteristics of fiber is impacted by tensile stress and bends, compressive stress, therefore It is essential to ensure that cable sag is within acceptable limits.

Underground & Ariel Installation

Directly Cables Buried – In this fiber laying technique, specialized equipment usually been used to create tiny incisions on any surface including concrete and asphalt. With a protective covering, the fiber cable is then laid along with epoxy. Hypothetically this technique is the same as micro-trenching but does not require ducting and suitable to be used in urban areas.

Horizontal Directional Drilling-refers to a trenchless technique used for installing conduits, underground pipes and cables and so forth. In this particular installation procedure, a drilling rig launched from the outside that helps to create a shallow arc along a predefined path. This particular multi-staged process contains the first step of creating an entrance pit with a receiving hole followed by the drilling of that hole through the designed path to enlarge the hole by the help of back reamer (a cutting tool).In the next phase, a casing pipe is positioned in the enlarged hole by using the drill stem. Through advanced HDD machines, a fully automatic gyro based drilling mechanism has been operated to conduct the process.

Modulation Techniques- While implementing large telecommunication networks with high throughput, Modulation Techniques considered as the key element. These techniques play vital role while systems are designed to operate at 10/ 40Gbps. There are a number of different schemes available to perform the modulation functions among them Return-to-Zero (RZ), Non-return-to-zero (NRZ), Sinusoidal Same Phase Modulation (SaPM) are remarkable.

The prerequisites of fiber optic transmission are very dissimilar from those of CATV systems or microwave transmissions. None of the single modulation configurations can cater for all the different sources of performance dilapidation. Thus a cautious and calculative selection of advanced modulation configuration is must to serve the purpose of improving the system performance through alleviating the effect of the major sources of performance degradation.

Depending upon the typography along with the local conditions the depth of the standard burial depth for fiber optic cables varies. For instance, the burial depth can vary between 30 to 42 inches if the cable is being buried around road crossings, or under the road which has not been finished yet. Therefore while answering the question like How deep does a fiber optic cable buried????  Or what should be Minimum depth for fiber optic cable underground????  Some key factors need to be considered-

  • Climate must be taken under consideration during the burial of fiber optic. It is suggested to bury the cable at least 30 inches below ground if the ground is prone to freeze during extended periods of time.
  • To comply with the norms Freeze Line Burial Safety and prevent the cable from being harmed once buried under the freeze line, it should be enclosed with sand.
  • In the case of Roadway Crossing Burial depth, the recommended burial depth is 42 inch since roadway crossings will need a deeper standard burial depth for the fiber optic cable installation. Irrespective of the depth measurement all cable burials must be marked by a brightly colored ribbon.

While performing the optical fiber cabling system in particular project the fiber optic cable installation method statement must be pre-defined to provide the specific guidelines regarding selection and receivable of the material and the following activities to do the process successfully.  It is necessary to ensure that required approvals are available for all drawings and schedules. A checklist of the approvals are mentioned beneath-

  • Off-loading must be conducted in the open area and protection of essential pieces of equipment from damaged or misuse must be ensured.
  • Verification of the bracing and supports available to avoid the damage during transit lifting or unloading.
  • During off-loading adequate protection must be provided to prevent the mechanical damage.
  • The lifting equipment is satisfactorily rated and fit enough to serve the purpose of lifting a specific weight.
  • At the time of lifting or pulling the cable drums use the provided fixtures for instance- bugles, transport eyebolts and so forth
  • Manual lifting, pulling or pushing must be restricted.
  • Manufacturer recommendations must be perused while lifting or pulling the cables.
  • Utilize only the lifting slings of ample length to get a 45” angle between the cable drums.
  • The cable drums are suggested to be offloaded in a vertical positioned open area.
  • Without any justified emergency situation, it is recommended to avoid standing right in the place where cable drums is being lifted.
  • The storage must be horizontal and smooth.
  • The cable drums grounding phase must be conducted in slow and gentle manner.

On the street, the fiber cables hanging on the poles overhead are commonly called as aerial fiber cables. Aerial fiber cables are able to deal with the adverse environment. Aerial fiber cables prevent the destruction of nature and man-made damage or theft. Different kinds of aerial fiber optic cables are available in Tempa. The underside discussion will be helpful to know about aerial fiber optic cable installation procedures and important key points to perceive during installation.

Aerial fiber optic cables can be classified according to their variations in the process of installation.The two broad category of this classification are-

  • Catenary wire style- encompasses general outdoor loose tube cables which can be lashed into a messenger
  • Self-supporting style- also known as all-dielectric self-supporting (ADSS ) cables.The special feature of this cable is they are made to support their own weight and environmental conditions such as wind and ice.

To complete the pole mounted aerial fiber optic cable Installation inappropriate manner some guidelines need to be followed in each phase of the installation. This is-

Before Installation Phase

  • Making a proper plan is very necessary and the plan should be approved by all the parties.
  • Adequate clearances must be preserved between fiber optic cables and electrical power cables on joint-use poles.
  • Existing dead-end pole must be assessed to see whether they can endure the stresses during aerial cable installation.
  • During the cable route survey, splice location should be usually selected.
  • In wet condition, aerial installation should never be done.
  • Ensure the appropriate training of relevant personnel for pole line work.

Installation Phase

According to the differentiation in the types of aerial cable, there are generally two installation procedures. One is to knot a fiber optic cable to a steel messenger that is installed between the poles.

Another procedure is the direct installation of self-supporting aerial cables. It makes simpler the task of placing fiber optic cables onto an aerial plant.

During the cable, installation to comply the safety measures here are some instructions those are advised to follow —

  • Ensuring the cable installation tools and pieces of equipment are in order to work properly since defective pieces of equipment increase the chance of damaging the cables and injury to workforce
  • Taking extra measures while working near electrical exposures if electrical lines are passing through where an installation is being operated.
  • Before pulling the cable it is suggested to schedule unavailability of personnel and pieces of equipment in that particular area to avoid the injury to the personnel or damage to the cable.

Cable installation process is complicated in especially the case of aerial cable installations requires extra care in every aspect. Thus attentiveness and endurance are needed although the operation of an installation process. Hence proper training and planning are must to conduct successful cable installation process in the real world.

What is a Cat 5E :

Cat5E cable is invented since 15 years ago. It is an updated version of Cat 5. This tool comes to the market in 1999 as part of Telecommunication Industry Association (TIA/EIA-568-A) specification. The Cat 5 e is more powerful than Cat 3 and 5 version.

Cat 5e Ethernet Cable network infrastructure base on 1000 BASE-T GB networks. By this cabling, the user will get 100 MHZ power of standard performance and 100-meter long cable. The performance is standard and improves the functions. It helps to get fast speed and make the network to flow high-level performance. So significantly it keeps a distance without impact by crosstalk.

What pairs are used in cat 5E :

The Cat 5e has 4 types of the pair. These are unshielded with Twisted  Pairs which in briefly says as UTP. The 4 pair connected by a copper wire terminator. This wire connector is known as RJ45 Connector.

What is RJ45: the full abbreviation of RJ45 Is Registered Jack, which includes eight wire connector. These wires built basic local area network like a computer. RJ45 quite similar to RJ11. By RJ11 which is popularly used for Telecommunication type of network building.

So RJ45 which is used to connect computer by Ethernet switch straight cables. In generally RJ45 of Cat 5e uses 4 pairs of wire or eight connectors. These are:

  1. 1 and 2: Orange Pin Wire
  2. 3 and 6: Green Pin Wire
  3. 4 and 5: Blue Pin Wire
  4. 7 and 8: Brown Pin Wire

Above of this 4 pair of wire, only a and b are used. Orange and Green Pin wires are usually used in the RJ45 model. Rest of c and d, Blue and Brown wire do not calculate work at this stage. The main two pair work under 1000 Mbps speed used and 100 MHZ power.

So the main two pair of the cable is T568-A and T568-B. this two pair works with orange and Green wire pins but other pins are wasted. At the time of switched all 8 wires need but later only 4 wires work properly.

The difference between cat 5 and cat 6 :

Cat 5 and Cat 6 are using for various purposes. These are common ethernet cables. The common activities of this two cable are both are working as a cable for electric networking. This tool uses for connect

  • Computer
  • Server to Modem
  • ISP

Cat cables are generally popular for virtual networking. The Cat 5 and 6 both are capable for high-level performance.

About Cat 5:

Cat 5 Cable is divided into two segments:

  1. Cat 5 Cable
  2. Cat 5E Cable

Cat 5 is quite out dates in last few years.This cable can handle up to 10/100 Mbs with 1000MHZ bandwidth version. It helps the performance faster.

In another hand, Cat5E cable is invented from 15 years ago. This is the updated version of Cat 5. The performance is standard and improves the functions. It helps to get fast speed and make the network to flow high-level performance. So significantly it keeps a distance without impact by crosstalk.

About Cat 6 Cable:

This cable is the backbone of primarily related networking. Cat 6 has 10 Gigabits data, which bandwidth 164 feet long single cable can serve high-level performance.

Cat 5 Features:

  • 1GB speed of 100 meters
  • 250 MHZ frequency
  • More crosstalk during cable construction
  • Need faster change or update

Cat 6 Feature:

  • 10 GB speed Data with 55 Meters
  • 550 MHZ Frequency
  • Less Crosstalk
  • Future proof and most updated.

Difference between Cat5 and Cat5E :

Cat 5E Ethernet cables are the updated version of Cat 5. Cat5E is more strong, faster and reliable data flow through the network. In generally Cat 5 is flow data 10-100Mbps speed but Cat 5e the updates version has strength data flow up to 1000 Mbps. Yes, there have major differences between the two cables. Let’s see the differences in below:

Cat-5 and Cat-5e Features and Performance:

  • Performance:

Cat-5: Crosstalk rate is great in number.

Cat-5e: Crosstalk rate is less than Cat 5.

  • Speed:

Cat-5: 100 Mbps

Cat-5e: 1000 Mbps

  • Cost:

Cat-5: Little cheaper than Cat 5e

Cat-5e: 0.20-30 ($) per foot

  • Frequency:

Cat-5: 100 MHZ

Cat-5e: 100 MHZ

  • Cable Length:

Cat-5: 100 Meters

Cat-5e: 100 Meters

  • Future Use:

Cat-5: Limited

Cat-5e: Adequate

So we can see the feature and performance between Cat 5 and Cat 5e Ethernet Cables. Looks Frequency and cable length are same. Remember Cat 5e is the updated version so the manufacturer only changes the internal subsystem. The differences can identify the performance, speed, cost and future update.

  • Cat 5e performance has less crosstalk so potentially also good from Cat5.
  • Speed is much improved and faster than Cat 5. Cat5e has 1000 Mbps that easy to identify its speed variation.
  • Cost determined by per feet length of cable, which is also not at a higher rate.
  • The future use of Cat5e is better than Cat5, but it will not compete with Cat 7. At present Cat 7 I the latest version so both Cat 5 and 5e does not meet the future optimum target.

VIDEO: How To install a CAT5E Network Faceplate Socket and How To FIX a wiring FAULT

In circumstances, Cat 5 and Cat 5e Ethernet network cable both have a great feature to come. At the time of creation and market first introduced, it has a great demand. Later, Cat 5e comes with the update. These two cables are discovered from 15 years ago. At present, in the 21st century, Cable Cat 7 now comes to the market with great feature. The user would like to choose the updated version of Cat 7 rather than Cat 5, 5e, 6. JR Electronics Provides absolute solution for Fiber Optic Installation Services.

What is Cat 6:

Cat 6 Ethernet cable is a sixth generation twisted standardized pair cable. The Ethernet cable works with other physical layers. Cat 6 main feature that It has stringent with the electric channel and system noise. The cable built to 250 MHZ performance. Category 6 cable has another feature that it has length 55 meters reduced when used 10GBASE-T.

Cat 6 is terminated normally as 8P8C module connector. The feature of Cat 6 is in brief:

  • 10 Gigabit Ethernet connection
  • 164 feet single cable
  • 4 pairs of copper wire
  • All the pairs work for signaling in order to obtain its better performance.

Cat6 Cable specification:

Cat 6 cable has a good specification that helps the user choose their idle cable for networking. Specification is:

External Specification:

  • 164 feet single cable
  • 4 pair of copper wire
  • 10 Gigabit Ethernet connection

Internal Specification:

Color Code: Cat 6 has 4 pairs of the color code.

  • Pair-1: Blue and White
  • Pair-2: Orange and White
  • Pair-3: Green and White
  • Pair-4: Brown and White

Electric Parts:  the electric accessories and kits are attached to it :

  • DC: 5% Resistance capacitance unbalances
  • Pair to Ground: 100m Max
  • Conductor Resistance: 100m 20Degree Celcius Max
  • Mutual capacitance 5.6/F Max
  • NVP: 69%
  • Characteristic Impedance: e(Zo): 85~115Ω (1~250 MHz)
  • Spark Test: 2.5 Kv
  • Cable Length: 100 meter

Cat6 cable price:

In general, in USA market the Cat 6 ethernet network price is quite cheap. User or buyer can buy this product at $06 to $15.00 range. This offer helps the user to great use with their budget.

  • 10-25 Feet Cat 6 Cable Price: $6 to $7
  • 50 Feet Cat 6 Cable Price: $08 – $11 Range
  • 100 Feet Cat 6 Cable Price: $15.00
  • 1000 Feet bulk Cat-6 (Volvo Grey) with UTP Pull Box Price: $57

The difference between cat 5 and cat 6:

Cat 5 and Cat 6 are using for various purposes. These are common ethernet cables. The common activities of this two cable are both are working as a cable for electric networking. This tool uses for connect

  • Computer
  • Server to Modem
  • ISP

Cat cables are generally popular for virtual networking. The Cat 5 and 6 both are capable of high-level performance.

About Cat 5:

Cat 5 Cable is divided into two segments:

  1. Cat 5 Cable
  2. Cat 5E Cable

Cat 5 is quite out dates in last few years.This cable can handle up to 10/100 Mbs with 1000MHZ bandwidth version. It helps the performance faster.

In another hand, Cat5E cable is invented from 15 years ago. This is the updated version of Cat 5. The performance is standard and improves the functions. It helps to get fast speed and make the network to flow high-level performance. So significant it keeps a distance without impact by crosstalk.

About Cat 6 Cable:

This cable is the backbone of primarily related networking. Cat 6 has 10 Gigabits data, which bandwidth 164 feet long single cable can serve high-level performance.

Cat 5 Features:

  • 1GB speed of 100 meters
  • 250 MHZ frequency
  • More crosstalk during cable construction
  • Need faster change or update

Cat 6 Feature:

  • 10 GB speed Data with 55 Meters
  • 550 MHZ Frequency
  • Less Crosstalk
  • Future proof and most updated.

What is the difference between cat6a and cat6:

Cat 6a Features:

Cat 6a is the updated version of Cat 6 Cable. By Cat 6a Cabling user can install with network and its performance relatively better. In Cat 6 where extra more length and capacities use. Like Cat 5 and 5E cables, they use 1GB data for speed network. But the updates of Cat 6a offer the user 10GB Data Speed. Although Cat 6 can avail 10GB speed it only possible with a short length of the cable.

Cat 6a cable can stricter if protection issues stand against alien crosstalk. Crosstalk stands when the signal function leaks from one cable to another. It makes a noise by signal warp and device become slower.

The features of Cat 6a are listing in below:

  • Thickness cable
  • Stricter alien crosstalk protection shield use by manufacturer
  • Cat 6a cost is relatively higher in fact double of Cat 6a

Cat 6 Features:

Cat 6 is the previous invention of cat 6a. it has 10GB data speed with a single cable. Like 6a, this cable has also built with crosstalk protection that reduces warp in signals.

The differences between Cat 6a and Cat 6 can find out as below:

  • Cat6a has 10 Gigabits rated for best use in while for Cat 6 also 10 GB in the feature but rated for 1GB only.
  • Cat 6a performance higher bandwidth service than Cat 6
  • Cat 6a cost is expensive the Cat 6
  • Cat 6a is good to use for reducing crosstalk. Cat 6a works better than Cat 6.
  • Cat 6a cable is thicker, but cat 6 is much bold.
  • Cat 6a is the update feature of Cat 6.

The LTE of a cat 6 Ethernet Network:

The full meaning of LTE stands as “Long-Term Evolution”. For cat 6, LTE uses to clarify the performance and strength Technolgy. Cat 6 LTE works for next evolution in technology support. A user likes to get more data and speed for making their working process quicker. By cat 6 that offer 1GB rated Speed and for long feet cable give 10GB rated speed. So any user can consume more data. LTE helps to network development. Today’s world user is like to move one place to another. LTE is a core application, which improved customer efficiency. The user can move with it anywhere, one branch to another. By this LTE, Cat 6  cost reduce with bandwidth services and offer more speed data.

LTE cat 6, a layout of 3GPP, well-designed tool that allows to increase network speed and control the conception. LTE cat simply defines as an advance network built with technology that offers double speed through worldwide.  In Cat, the manufacturer uses LTE in Cat 3 and later in Cat 6 cables. In Cat 6, where LTE use 100 Mbit/S. by this LTE, cat 6 speed generate double to triple which varies upon the speed.

There are two methods used in Cat 6 LTE:

  1. Dual Band Antennas:
  2. LTE Carrier Aggregation
  • Dual Band Antennas: Like mobile accessories that designed and capability built as 1800MHZ to 2600MHZ. this frequency stand upon antennas.
  • LTE Carrier Aggregation: Another hand allows a component that effective with high bandwidth networks. By this, the carrier performance will faster speed, get better efficiency and stable net connection.

LTE Cat 6 adaption rate is lower in the USA. The future of wireless like cable connectivity tools in the USA and abroad, once these technologies are generally strong.

Cat 7 better than Cat6a:

Cat 7 features:

Cat 7 Ethernet network cable is the updated version comes for the user. Cat 7 relatively offer a high level of data speed. Its key features :

  • 10 GB Ethernet,
  • 10,000 Mbps per seconds,
  • 500MHZ
  • Exceptional data speed
  • House and business, office performance can use
  • Whole home technology solution
  • Resistance to EMI
  • Low voltage consumption
  • Benefit by the home user as a smart installation process.

Cat 6a Feature at a glance:

  • Built with standard wire
  • Higher bandwidth cable service
  • Minimize issue of crosstalk


Overview of the two cables, Cat 7 is better than cat 6a. There are some reasons that come the first choice as Cat 7 Cable:

  • One Step Ahead: Cat 7 updates cable from 6a. its function and performance both ahead form Cat 6. More than it has flexible and expandable option for cabling. It helps the user to re-wiring in future.
  • Accessories: Cat 7 has a great copper section rather than other features. More than it offers accessories like racks and cabinets for home user installation.
  • Double Speed: Cat 7 is more efficiently work and easy to pair. It has 10,000 Mbps service so the user can get better data speed.
  • Smart cable: It works better than Cat 5, 5E, 6 and 6a. So from the features, it can easy to identify the working performance is smarter than other cables.
  • 750 meter Cable: In a house where cat 7 is easily installed because it has 750 meters cable, which is a similar look to 3 boxes of cable.
  • Popular Cable: in a review on Twitter or social media, anyone can get the product user review. So Cat 7 is well-renowned cable and the most user already have used also reviewed about

Cat 6 faster than cat 5:

Cat 6 and Cat 5 features look at a glance, so the user can get a proper answer:

Cat 5 Features:

  • 1GB speed of 100 meters
  • 250 MHZ frequency
  • More crosstalk during cable construction
  • Need faster change or update

Cat 6 Feature:

  • 10 GB speed Data with 55 Meters
  • 550 MHZ Frequency
  • Less Crosstalk
  • Future proof and most updated.

VIDEO: What Ethernet Cable to Use? Cat5? Cat6? Cat7?

From the features part of the two cables, it is easy to declare that Cat 6 has obviously worked faster than cat  5. Because cat 5 has 250 MHZ frequency where 6 has 550 MHZ. more than Cat 5 offer 1GB Data speed where Cat 6 offers 10GB Data Speed. So, Cat 6 is faster than Cat 5.

Home Network:

Today’s Modern world people like to lead their life smart way. People are being busy with their daily life at home and outside. At home or office, technology brings peoples life easier. Technology that requires some networking system. For networking system, different types and brands cables use. By Cabling, a proper network system is stand to serve technology for human life.

For home networking, cables usually help to set up the network. People like to use Telephone, Computer, Refrigerator etc type of Household tool at home. For this, they need cables to home networking. To operate a computer, the user needs to set router, modems for fulfilling their task. So before home networking, the user needs to plan well. They have to choose proper cable to operate their computer. So they can get better service during the operating period as well as long-term support.

So for home networking, the user has the choice to make before installation. There is a different brand of cables in USA Market. The most popular brand of cable is CAT 5, 5E, 6, 6A and CAT7. Later part, discuss these features and make a statement which to choose from these cables.

Factors of Pick the Right Cable for Home Networking:

Cat 7 Installation

Cable Capacity:

Ethernet Cable is a new generation choice for home networking. It has many types of cables come. These are Cat 3, 5 and 5e, 6 and 6a and Cat7. Every feature comes to with variation. All of the cables are usually used for voice and telecommunication networking service. Time to time Cat ethernet cables updated products come into the market. These cable capacity look at a glance:

  • Cat-3 Cable: It’s the most obsolete cable and not used by the user. Cat 3 introduce in USA market at 1987. Its popularity phase was 1987 to 1990. That’s period user first choice was Cat-3 category Cable for home networking. This cable has 10 Mbps Data speed with 16MHZ max bandwidth performance.
  • Cat-5 Cable: Cat 5 later comes into the market at 1990. At 1993, ANSI specification features bring that a design structure. Cat-5 is a twisted pair which has 2 variations:
  1. Solid Cat-5: Long run strength with fixed wiring configuration. These types are usually used for office or campus buildings.
  2. Standard Cat-5: This is more flexible and elastic performance which is a good support to use shorter distance.

Cat has 10/100 Mbps data speed and 100 MHZ bandwidth performance. Also, this cable 328 feet too long that user can flexibly use it anywhere. At this period Cat 5 cable demand increase and Cat 3 marketplace down.

  • Cat-5E Cable: It comes to market in 1999 with some This feature includes 1000 Mbps or 1GB speed with 100 MHZ performance with 328 feet long cable.
  • Cat-6 Cable: Cat 6 introduces in 2002 which is a great update from the previous This cable has 295 feet long cable and 1GB data speed support with 250 MHZ performance.
  • Cat-6a Cable: 6a is the updated version of Cat 6. It has 10 GB data speed with 500 MHZ Performance. It was come to market since 10 years ago and that time it was popular for all. The reasons are:
  • Cost Effective
  • Globally Available
  • Unshielded and Shielded Version
  • Enhanced performance for Power over Ethernet (POE) Application
  • 10 GB high-speed performance with lower power consumption
  • Support wifi technology
  • Familiar and compatible with Registered Jack 4 twisted Pair interface (RJ45)
  • Recommended for Healthcare center installation
  • 100-meter long cable support
  • Achieve improved price for the user.

So Cat 6a cable is good ethernet network build support. The user gets benefits from this cables.

  • Cat – 7 Cable: The last updated version of Ethernet cable is CAT – 7 which come at the market at 2010.e main feature of this cable is it has 10GB data speed with 600 MHZ performance. It has 100 meter long feet That helps to bring strong performance and build right network flow.

Overall above of the features looks that Cat 7 Ethernet Cable is the most standard and good to use. It is the updated version and workflow, speed is higher than other. In the section of cable capacity factor, My recommendation is to choose Cat-7 Cable.

Suitable for Environment:

For home networking, people usually require flat cables. It is more useful rather than to use round ribbon cables for handheld devices. Like industry, the where the environment can affect by crushing, shock, vibration etc reasons. By using an Ethernet cabling, accident and pollution minimize. Also, some industry may require use chemicals, water, and fabric tools. So for safety precaution, Ethernet cable is needed to set at home networking.

Pick the Right Cable for Home Networking:

Ethernet cable features, now we can make a decision that which to choose and how. There may be many conflicts stands around to make a perfect decision. If we look the factors and features part of Ethernet cables, it will easy to measure our right pick cable. Cat 3 and Cat 5, Cat 5e is quite outdated.  The user generally likes to use updated tools which help to make their life easier. In this subject concern, Cat 6, 6a and Cat 7 is our first category choice.

Last 10-15 years, Ethernet Cable introduce In Cat 6, 6a and Cat 7. But the user of home like to choose one of them. The question might come, which should to choose? The decision can me take from reading the features of Cat 6, 6a and Cat7. Cat 7 cable recommend using for home networking.

Why Cat-7 Cable to Pick?

I would like to focus some reasons base on product feature and user concern. These are:

  • Cat 7 cable which is also known in Category 7 cable which is used for infrastructure cabling. It’s built with Gigabit Ethernet system which offers the most power of 600 MHZ. To make home smarter, the Latest technology used to recommend.
  • Double Shield offer in every pair of wire. So it makes the performance more resistance.
  • Cat 7 has a great copper section that maintains the power system to make the adjustment. So voltage not up or
  • One step ahead smart home tool that brings a lot of future like high power speed with expandable mode system. For home networking, this factor needs to follow.
  • Installation is easy and expense is not much higher. More than user don’t need to re-wiring in future, it helps to save cost.

In circumstances, there may be some conflicts. At present world, Cat 7 is most standard Ethernet cable for home networking. Every user should acknowledge the features before choosing any cable or any products. It will help to make right decision to choose an idle product for them. For home networking, recommend to acknowledge the all cable feature and pick their right cable I do not say that Cat-6 and Cat-6a is the worst cable. I choose Cat-7 on the base of user concern and features.

Patch Panel Testing & Termination services – What is the purpose of patch panel in networking

By and large in computer networking, television, radio, or in radio studios Patch panel is being used. The patch panel is also known as jack field, patch bay, patch field and so forth. The “Patch” terminology belongs to the use of substitute that reserved to support the failed services temporarily on telephony and radio stations at early ages. Over that early phase patch cords or patch panels had been used as reconnection tool as like the cord-type telephone switchboard’s jack field.     

Patch Panel is a device that has a number of same or similar kinds of jacks; the purpose of the jacks are connecting and routing circuits to interconnect monitor and test the circuits so that it can be ensured that the circuits are working in flexible and user-friendly manner.

how to install a patch panel

While checking out all the real life patch panel wiring diagram examples several common steps have usually been followed. The steps that are mentioned underneath will provide light in the process of how to install a patch panel and switch. The steps are-

  • Acquisition of Patch Panels- Patch panel is easily available in electrical parts stores or supply stores of electronic items. Purchasing appropriate patch panels are most important since if patch panel contains sufficient connectors then it will be able to accommodate all the incoming Ethernet cables.
  • Formulation of Cabling Map- To diagnose the infrastructure problem and proper maintenance of further up gradation formulation of cabling map is necessary. From cabling map system administrator will get the accurate indication which inward cables are terminated to which patch panel connectors.
  • Removing cable jacket from every inward Ethernet Cable- It is suggested to cut off, remove and discard the cable jacket about 1.5 inches from every cable end by using the wire strippers.
  • Removing internal tubing- In the case of Cat6 type incoming Ethernet cable; it is mandatory to remove the internal plastic jacket under the outer cable carefully by using wire cutters.
  • Spreading out of Cable wire- In the inside of the Ethernet cable. There are 4 twisted pairs of wires; each of the wire needs to be untwisted and spread them out. It must be noted here that patch panel wiring color codes must be kept in mind since the wires are color coded by solid colors, and rest of the four with a white stripe around the color.
  • Setting up the wires in patch panel connector- In this phase placement of eight wires is done with the patch panel of 110 style connector that has been chosen to receive cable. According to the color-coded label, wires will be placed with the connector pins. It must be ensured that every wire extent both sets of teeth of the insulation displacement connector.
  • Connection construction-By using a patch panel push tool tightly press down on each of the wire hence it is clutched by both sets of teeth of the insulation displacement connector.
  • Patch panel ethernet.

patch panel ethernet

In the case of cat6 patch panel termination, the process is remarkably different. Therefore some special instructions are suggested to be followed while going through the patch panel termination diagram. The steps are discussed below- 

  • Band the cable about 3–6 inches of its protective outside jacket from the end. Here cabling scissors will be used to put pressure by rotating the scissors around the cable. It will be easy to pull the jacket off from easily leaving exposed wires once the cable jacket has been punctured.
  • Cut and strip the cable to expose about 6 more inches of fresh wires. Most of the twisted pair like Cat5, Cat5e and Cat6 cables contain a small string inside the cable to assist with this process.
  • Make strip cut in the jacket of the cable; If cable contains the small string, by keeping the untouched condition of every relevant wire use the string to pull towards the fresh end of the cable exposing about 6 inches of the particular cable then Cut the string after getting enough exposed cable.
  • In case of cable does not contain the small string, make a strip in the jacket as mentioned above and smoothly pull all of the wires together by one hand and pull the jacket in the by another hand in opposite direction. All Cat6 cables pursue a standard color pattern for the individual wires that are Green, Blue, Orange, and Brown. Per color contains two wires for instance- White/Blue and Blue, White/Green and Green, White/Orange and Orange, White/Brown and Brown. By looking at the back side of the patch panel, one will get the corresponding colors where the cable will terminate.
  • After finding out the accurate guide, a decision must be taken to choose the port on the patch panel where the cable will be connected. Usually, in practice, the practice is to terminate in ascending order so start at the lowest number of instance-First cable should be terminated to the 1st port and so forth.
  • From the jacket make the wires untwisted absolutely and put the wires into the appropriate color slot on the patch panel as tightly as possible in the slots considering the jacket. Little or no exposure and untwisted wire It is desirable for keeping the signal strength higher.
  • Terminate every exposed wire. After placing and verifying all the wires are in the accurate position it must be ensured that sure as little amount of exposed wires will be left. To ensure that it is prescribed to use the punch down tool with the 110 blade and terminate each wire separately.
  • With a Zip tie secure the cable to the patch panel if slot for a zip tie is available
  • In the finishing; to assure correct termination of all the wires it is prescribed to use a cable tester.

VIDEO: What is a Patch Panel? Do You Need One?

Patch panel punches down tool or krone tool, refers to a tool that has been used to join telecommunications and network wires to a patch panel, punch down the block, keystone module, or surface mount box. The part of the name “punch down” belongs to the design of punching a wire into location by using an impact action.

Most of the punches down tools are impact types that consist of an internal spring mechanism, a handle, along with a removable slotted blade. For using the Patch panel punch down tool

  • On a punch block, a wire is pre-positioned into a slotted position
  • The punch down tool is pushed down on top of the wire, over the position
  • After reaching the required pressure, an internal spring is triggered, and the blade presses on the wire into the slot, at the same time cut the insulation and secure the wire. 

By and large, the punch down tool blade used to cut off excess wire; if this cutoff feature is heavily used then the tool blade must be re-sharpened or replaced after a certain period of time. Without the sharp edge, tool blades are also available and these are used for continuing a wire through a slotted position to make links with another slotted position. For the purpose of light-duty usage, less-expensive punch down tools with fixed blades and no impact mechanism are available as well but these low-cost tools are more time-consuming for making consistent links, and can consequences muscle fatigue while using for huge numbers of links.

Krone blocks require different blades to accommodate different connector types for instance- 66, 110, BIX  Removable blades for 66 or 110 seems to double-ended usually. To trim the wire krone blades require a separate scissor-like device.

Some example of Patch panel punch down tools are- ADC-CommScope QB-2 QCP Impact Punchdown Tool for QPC II ProPatch Panels, ADC-CommScope QB-4 Punch Down Tool for QPC IV ProPatch Panels, Bittree SBCTLKT01 Bittree E3 Connector Toolkit, TRS 1/4 Inch Patch Bay Burnishing Tool and so forth. 

While installing patch panel, how to install patch panel on the rack can be a major query to ask from the installer. To install in desired locations prescribed and well-established patch panel installation guide must be followed.

  • Placement of the patch panel on an equipment rack or corresponding wall-mount hardware.
  • Route cables from the backside of the patch panel and loosely attach them with cable ties to the wire managing device.
  • Building up a stern wire manager behind the patch panel. The preferable location could be close to its top.
  • Remove only the necessary cable jacket to terminate the conductors.
  • Frame the conductors into the retention slots on the connecting blocks. In this phase, one should be careful enough not to untwist the cable pairs more than one-half inch for Category 5 cables. Proper inspection is a must before the termination of the wires.
  • Automatic impact tool or corresponding tools must be used while terminating the conductors. This particular function will accommodate the conductors one at a time and cut off the excess wire respectively.
  • After termination of all of the cables and snapping all the couplers into the panel, gear the cable slack behind the panel and tighten the cable ties.

At the end, in a nutshell, it can be said that a patch panel in a local area network (LAN) contains ports used to link and control incoming and outgoing LAN cables. Patch panel permits LANs with the facility to connect to wide area networks or to the Internet. Therefore proper knowledge regarding Patch Panel Testing services & Patch Panel Termination services is important to optimize the performance of this particular device.

Low voltage new commercial construction and electrical services

In Florida, low voltage services for new commercial construction projects are becoming prominent in recent days. The services include creating the architecture of the electrical distribution system within an establishment like building and commercial complex or both, procurement and installation of wiring and connection to the source of power, fixing end-use equipment and maintenance in long-term on a contract basis and so forth. Under these broad category Alarm design and installation, facility control, site utilities, fiber optics and telecommunication services, 24/7 monitoring services, security system automation, instrumentation, CCTV and communication services in commercial, residential and industrial markets are the popular and most-demanding services.       

The further discussion will be focused on the services and some important components those are provided as the low voltage new commercial construction services in Florida –

24-hour electrician

24 hour electrician service includes electrical services through expert electrician on 24/7 basis In case of unfortunate circumstances there will be a supply for expert electrician service whenever the assistance is needed. JR ELECTRONICS ONLINE in Florida is providing classified services by their trained up skilled employees to deal and resolve with all the emergencies. To avoid the electrical emergencies and botheration created by those emergencies; selection of confident, skilled and expert 24/7 electrician services is a must.  

Antenna installation

To avail, the facility of watching television stations antenna installation is another important service. Antenna installation includes picking up the VHF and UHF airwaves so that local viewers can enjoy local shows, whether or news on their television screens. Installation of TV antenna can be a simple process through choosing appropriate guideline by selection of appropriate service provider. Since, appointing professional consequences quickly and secured installation by correct tools, time-efficient installation, risk minimization, and fewer complications.

Ceiling fan installation

To make the home comfortable and improve the decoration proper installation of a ceiling fan is a necessity. Expert ceiling fan installation services or adding up lights in existing fan professional assistance create efficiency. Sometimes for installing ceiling fan; getting up onto the ladder with heavy ceiling fan of resolving electrical wiring complexity professional assistance become a requirement. In Florida, a number of the expert organization providing the expertise service because it creates time efficiency with accuracy. To focal points, while taking the service should be-license of the electrician, dedication to safety and power efficiency, reliability, good after service warranty and so forth.   

Commercial electrical services

Most of the Commercial establishment holds complex arrangement and setup that requires specialized requirements of electrical wiring. Service providers who are dedicated to the services must be capable to resolve the electrical requirements as per the establishment’s own heating cooling and ventilation set up. Organizations dedicated to these kinds of service in Florida know how to install maintain and upgrade the commercial-grading network system. The devoted workforce achieves the license to provide such kind of services by attending several years of training and accomplishing years of apprenticeship. An important point to be mentioned here that to complete the apprenticeship schooling in electrical theory as well as electrical building codes required to be completed. Some tools those are used to serve the services are Conduit Bender, Non-Contact Voltage Testers, Lineman’s Pliers, Wire Strippers, Needle-Nose Pliers, Diagonal Pliers, Unibit or Step-Bit, Multimeter, Armored Cable Cutters, Cable Cutters, Knockout Punch and so forth.

Commercial electrical contractors

Commercial electrical contractors refer to the firms that have been operated as a licensed electrical contractor. The workforce works over there usually equipped with tools and craftsmanship to deal and handle the issues as well as requirements of a specific residential and commercial electrical project as per the client’s budget. Under the contractor firms a particular number of employees who are expert on the particular field have been appointed and according to the project requirements, individual or group of people as the team will be assigned to complete the particular project.

Low Voltage New Commercial Construction Services in Florida

Electrical Board

In the electrical board, basic components are connected together to create an electronic circuit with a particular function. The main components of electrical switchboard are-capacitor, resistor, transistor, an operational amplifier, diode, logic gate, and resistor array and so forth. The parts are usually packaged in a discrete form along with two or more than two metallic pads or leads.

The components of the electrical board can be classified into two categories:

  • Active Electronic components-i.e. Logic gates, transistors, integrated circuits or ICs
  • Passive Electronic components i.e. Inductors, capacitors, resistors, diodes

Electrical Companies simply refers to the firms those are dedicated to providing the electrical services. To be a sound electrical company firm requires training, formal electrical education availability of appropriate tools and license for doing the specific business. There are devoted organizations in Florida those have skilled employees or workforce’s to run their business. While getting into the project of specific client they need to go through all business details link financial projections, marketing, and promotional strategies and so forth.

Electrical contractors refer to a specialized organization or business people who are specialized in designing the architecture, installation, and maintenance of electrical system related construction work. The difference between the concept of an electrician and electrical contractor is electrician encompasses individual and electric contractors are organizations that employ electricians even though there is this difference between concepts both holds license and insurance to operate and control the business in proper and safe ways so that residents and business owners can be protected from insurance liabilities. Electrical contractors are differentiated by the major kinds of the task performed. Mainly they are classified into three broad categories this are-Line contractor, Inside electrical contractor, Integrated Building system electrical contractors. Apprentice Electrician, Journeyman Electrician, Estimators, project supervisors are the jobs available from electrical contractors.    

In a nutshell, to be Electrical Contractor in Florida a statewide certification is required that authorizes individual or organization for state-wide contracting. Registration is a requirement for the local jurisdictions to perform work only within the area where the contractor is registered.

Electrical inspection

The electrical inspection organizations of Florida fix the inspection by two methods-Over the call and online based request. Three kinds of inspections are permitted by most of the electrical. These are –

  • Cover inspection refers Scheduling inspection when all new circuits are wired. Requirement before inspector approval the work must be uncovered with insulation, receptacles, or wall switches. Covering inspections also includes underground installations. Don’t cover trenches, ditches, or slabs until the inspector has approved them.
  • Service and feeder inspection refer Scheduling the inspection after the installation of the service electrical mast, meter base, service panels, grounding electrode conductors, as well as branch circuits.
  • A final inspection refers Scheduling inspection while the electrical task has been completed. In this phase it is mandatory to assure that sure panel boxes are covered, circuits are labeled in the right spaces on the box, and all cover plates are installed. One must have all of equipment and appliances those will be installed, grounded, and energized for final inspection.

Electrical installation follows a guide the covers all the techniques, regulations and standards regarding electrical installations. It works as assistance for electrical professionals in companies, design offices, inspection organizations while taking decisions regarding electrical installations. The implementation and facilitation of International installation standards for designers and contractors is the basic purpose of this particular guideline. The instructions provide a comprehensive, practical and bit by bit explanation for the complete study of an electrical installation, according to IEC 60364 and other relevant IEC Standards. The general contents that have been covered in the guidelines are –

  • Connection towards MV utility and LV utility distribution network
  • MV & LV architecture selection guideline
  • LV Distribution process
  • Sizing and protection of conductors
  • Protection against electric shocks
  • LV switchgear: functions & selection
  • Protection from Overvoltage
  • Energy Efficiency in electrical distribution
  • Correction of Power factor
  • Harmonic management
  • particular sources and loads Characteristics
  • Photovoltaic Installations
  • Residential and other special locations
  • EMC guidelines

Electrical repairs service provided by specialized organizations provides commercial and residential electrical repairs and installation services, generator repairing as well as interior and exterior electrical installation. According to the customer base and portfolio, technician provides fast and efficient services. Electrical repairing service includes-

  • Commercial and Residential services
  • Generator & Motor Repairing services
  • Lighting Repair & Installation
  • Panel Upgrading
  • Troubleshooting
  • Wiring & Rewiring

While choosing electrical repairing service one needs to be careful enough of regarding the quality, verification and evaluation process and timeliness of the repairing service.

Generator installation

To avoid the hindrance of the power outage; generators on standby are an inevitable requirement for running a business. Most of the generators are convenient and user-friendly as well as capable of automatic functioning during power outages. Standard procedures and adequate precautions should be followed during installation, operation, and maintenance of generators.
It is recommended; using a certified technician or electrician for any type of work on a power generator.  Several tips, guidelines and best practice experiences always suggest consulting the manufacturer and owner’s manual to ensure specific guidelines are followed and the generator is functioning in a secure working surrounding. While installing generator some important facts must be taken into considerations these are-

  • Selection of generator
  • Procedures for Installation
  • Safety Precaution
  • Potential Hazards and handling process
  • Schedule of Maintenance

It is very important for a particular user to maintain strictly all the guidelines and instructions mentioned in the manual since some simple precautions can go a long way in ensuring a safe and optimum use of a generator.

Generator repair

For repairing generator appropriate selection of licensed electrician individual or organization is important. Proper maintenance and inspection of generator ensure the accurate service from the generator.

There is a number of signs that indicate the repairing necessity of generators. These are-

  • Damaged Electrical components – Regular inspection of wires, buttons, and other components of the generator are If the components appear to be damaged or worn then your generator needs to be repaired.
  • Fuel Leakage from the generator– While experiencing a leak from a generator in the form of oil leaks, fuel leaks, or even coolant leaks which prevent the generator from overheating when it’s in use.
  • Taking extra time to start – While starting generator if it troubleshoots or takes extra time to start then needs to be serviced. The potential cause of troubleshooting may be the battery, which can drain after long periods of inactivity or overactivity.
  • Physically Damaged Generator – If any damage that is visible upon a visual inspection, for instance, cracks or frayed wires indicates the necessity of servicing since the disputes may cause potential hazards.

Electrical services

The organizations competing in Florida in the electrical service industry is providing exceptional electrical services and solutions for residential, industrial and commercial clients. They are offering variety in services such as-new construction of electrical services, electrical improvement, and repair services.

With the years of successful experience along with diverse and specialty services these organizations made possible of successful completion of various residential projects, industrial projects like manufacturing, food handling, packaging, as well as Hi-tech companies; commercial projects for offices, banks, retail centers, grocery stores, churches, auto dealerships and tenant complexes with successful design and plan in a timely and cost-effective manner by certified general electricians.

Electrical Services Companies in Florida is committed to safety, reliability, and quality. They create compliance with the safety standards and meet all OSHA, ANSI, federal, state, and local safety regulations, therefore, they are uniquely qualified to meet the electrical needs of commercial and industrial companies as well as residency requirements. They consider that providing electrical solutions in a safe, professional, and timely manner is essential to the success of the business.

Electrical wiring encompasses the electrical mechanism of cabling along with connected devices such as distribution board, switches, sockets and light fittings in the arrangement. In design and installation process wiring is an issue to safety standards. According to the circuit operating voltage and electric current capability along with another constraint on the environmental surroundings for instance exposure to sunlight and chemicals, ambient temperature range, moisture levels allowable wire and cable type will be specified. According to country and locality, wiring safety code varies, however, The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is endeavoring to synchronize wiring standards amongst member countries.  

Associated circuit protection, control and distribution devices within a building’s wiring system are subject to voltage, current and functional specification. Wiring safety codes vary by locality, country or region. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is attempting to synchronize wiring standards amongst member countries, but significant variations in design and installation requirements still exist.

Wiring interior electrical systems Material in establishment varies due to

  • Operating Environment of the wiring.
  • Occupancy Type and size of the establishment.
  • Demand for the amount of power and intended use of circuits.
  • Local and national regulations.

Electrical Wiring residential refers to the electrical system that comprises of a main circuit breaker panel, a meter, a line from the pole, separate wiring circuits from all the rooms of the home, hardware appliances, outlets, and light fixture boxes.

Electrician Companies of Florida made ample supply of licensed electricians. If any organization or anyone from residential located needs expert help and wants to find an electrician then for an easy and quick searching they can browse the internet with the keyword “Electricians in my area “to find out local electricians. Here one should keep it in mind that the person is providing the service has proper knowledge regarding the house electrical wiring and the person has licensed Electrician if the case that is to be resolved is from a residential area. The charge amount or electrician rates vary as par electrical companies’ reputation according to service quality.

Low Voltage Contractors 

The Low-Voltage market is becoming very popular in Florida at present days. Creating Niche in Low-Voltage is well defining and pretty much specific. The basic concept is focusing on Expertise. There are some potential reasons to be low voltage electrical contracting firm:

  • The competency to entrench in one of the fastest growing markets
  • The opportunity to show expertise to the correct audience and become a purveyor of related disciplines.
  • Opportunity to increase revenues and add returning sources
  • Timely support from manufacturers, distributors and professional affiliations to be flourishing.
  • The exposure to attract new workforce, expand business and elevate organization to the next level of reputable business practice
  • Entrance opportunity in the world of digitalization and Information Technology.

low voltage installer 

To install and inspect the effective of low voltage service several tools are available in market such as- Fiber Connector Termination Kits, Fiber Optic Testers, Wire Fishing, Label Printers, Fiber Cleaver and Splicer, Buried Facility Locating , Punch Tools, Cutting Tools , Strippers , Compression Tools , Crimp Tools, Testers, Cable & Service Testing, Wire and Cable Handling, Installation Kits, Safety Products , Hand Tools, Open-Closed Circuit Tracers and so forth.

Low Voltage Electrical Contractors

As an electrical contractor, one must know the most important part: the power, wiring, and cabling—the backbone. For branching out into low voltage firm must focus on the integration of profitable business and sustainable client relationship Some the low-voltage services mentioned below those low voltage electrical contractors can offer customers:

  • IP video and Surveillance cameras to serve the purpose of  convenient invigilation at critical areas of the premises for instance entrances and exits, gates, spas, game rooms and garages
  • Security system that includes driveway, fence sensors and motion-activated as well as outdoor lighting
  • Detectors of Smoke and carbon monoxide
  • whole house audio system, Home theater, computer network setup, intercoms and so forth
  • General automation and integration of all of the above.

Low Voltage Contractor’s License  

Low Voltage Specialty Licenses are-

  • Certified Alarm Contractor I – for Fire and Burglar protection service
  • Certified Alarm System Contractor II- For Burglar protection service only
  • Specialty Contractor- Specialty in Certified Limited Energy Systems (Low Voltage)

Low-Voltage Wiring structured cabling also known as the low-voltage wiring is recognized as the most reliable method for home networking. To learn the process of installing structured cabling inappropriate manner, electrical contractors can look to manufacturers and trade organizations, since they offer training and certification programs.

Low-Voltage Wiring contractors must conduct the installation of structured cabling with solid and specific knowledge of the process for safe home’s network and own professional reputation. Low-Voltage Wiring Contractors must take the strategic move to take part in the structured cabling market to get further success in particular business.

Low Voltage Electrician

Proper experience, qualification and passing out required examination is mandatory to be Low Voltage Electrician and to get Low voltage license.

Low Voltage / Limited Energy Contractor License A

Specialty Electrical license that allows electrical work with systems up to 77 volts. State certified licenses permit qualified electrician in low voltage service working anywhere in Florida, while registered licenses are valid in the issuing city or county. Along with the requirement to passing the state exam and meeting the education and experience requirements, submitting personal and business credit report as well as both a personal and business financial statement is a mandatory requirement in this phase.

Master electrician

In Florida, before becoming licensed journeyman electricians one must undertake a multi-year apprenticeship they can, and after then have several years beyond that to be a licensed master electrician. Master electricians are licensed hence permitted to execute a broad range of electrical installation and repair activities, and can also act as inspectors of the work of electrical contractors.

Residential electricians simply encompass those electricians who install wiring and troubleshoot electrical problems in homes. They plan, install, and repair electrical equipment, machinery, and control equipment such as switches, relays, and circuit breaker panels as well as measure, cut, bend, thread, assemble, and install electrical conduit and pull wire through conduit.

Since in Florida career on low voltage new commercial construction services becoming attractive in present days therefore individual who wants to build their career in particular field or organizations those want to enter this particular industry need to be specific idea regarding the mentioned concepts to be successful onward.

Structured Data Network Cabling :

A structured cabling is a system associated with hardware. It helps to maintain telecommunication process. It’s such a useful infrastructure service that has used for a lot of purpose like Transmit data service. Like Telephone and Computer, structured cabling work as a network builder.

Structured Cabling system is unique system and it develops in many variations. Like:

  • Structured cabling is usually used in Architectural sites like Buildings.
  • Equipment of this product has installation support for present to future
  • Manufacture warranty provides.
  • Best use of house and office cabling

The main components of Structured Cabling are:

  • Connecting Hardware: Idle cable for multi-purpose use. By a structured cable, the user can connect with :
  1. Interconnection
  2. Cross connection
  3. Blocks
  4. Patch Panels
  • The actual cable: The cable has Electro-Magnetic interference (EMI) sources that sometimes exist. By this User will know about their restricted areas. It recommends for the user to plan right way before copper cabling. A structured cabling which is built with
  1. optical fiber
  2. Twisted Pair copper
  3. Coaxial Copper
  • Path of Cabling: By using a structured cabling it gives a space to pass the network. The Pathways works as shafts, raceway and floor penetrations.
  • Floor Wiring Closet: In generally for house flooring purpose user can use this feature. Some precaution use before floor wiring such as:
  1. Weight load factors
  2. Water resistance
  3. Electric cable access path lighting
  4. Room size
  5. Electric grounding
  6. Location near the entrance of the house or office.
  • Miscellaneous: Structured cabling provides miscellaneous facilities and supports. These are:
  • Support Cable Hardware
  • Fire stopping Cable
  • Grounding Hardware.

These components work as the backbone of structured cabling to build strong telecommunication or networking services.

What is a structured cabling system:

To design an infrastructure like home or office and campus etc purposes, structured cabling system provides good services. Cabling that consists of small standard elements. So it helps an infrastructure site proper way to design and installed by structured cabling.

So, structured cabling system is a series of patch panels and boxes. These tools are used to create a structural base that helps to hardware ports with patch channel at the top level of the network. Thus a patch panel is connected with another patch by the network in Main Distribution Area (MDA). The MDA is a key to structured cabling. By this system, Move, Adds and Changes (MAC) can prepare simply with patch cords.

Structured Cabling Basics:

A structured cabling is the full function of cabling which is relating to hardware tools. It helps to build strong telecommunication infrastructure. Example: Telephone System.

Some Basic function needs to follow up with structured cabling. The issues list below:

  • Cable and connection products
  • Installation of cabling function
  • Configuration of installation process
  • Architectural structure like house or office where to install
  • Support equipment for installation

The structured cabling system starts up their operation at the point of service provider terminates. This is known as Demarcation or DEMARC.

The cabling industry follows American National Standards Institute (ANSI) design system. It is an organization who keep maintaining and practicing the function of structured cabling. ANSI has a standard format that accepts all cable the industry during design, installs and cabling maintenance or installation.

Structured cabling installation:

For installation structured cabling, some issues need to follow. The design system and installation determine a set of standard model. The user can use this for wiring data centers, home, office, campus or residential building for telecommunication purposes. To make the process meaningful, different types of the cable uses such as Cat 5E cable or Cat 7. This tool built with fiber optic and work as media connector.

So structured cable installation can do for house and office. Let’s see what factors are standing in the installation process:

  1. Server Room Design: The room where install the structured cable must test the room design. The design of the server room needs to Tested by IT specialized. Also, ensure that IT equipment and accessories can easy to set up.
  2. Voice and Data Cabling: IT technician requires to develop the voice and data cabling. Good voice quality requires to set up with Data Cabling.
  3. System Consultancy: Good design maintain for consultant system.

Benefits of Structured Cabling:

Structured cabling that helps to design the infrastructure network system. An organization can operate their all communicate networking took such as Computer or Mobile with this system. Moreover, it works as reliable and worldwide renown solution for communication.

The benefit sides are :


Any organization can easily set up this cabling system. Like in office, the school where need telecommunication network. So by a professional IT Expert, it can easily set up for meet organization goal.

Cost Effective:

This tool will give an investor cost-effective solution. It has the flexibility to install anywhere. To maintain an office or business center, it will provide a low-cost budget tool and smooth running operation. The high level of network flow that helps the user or an office employee to get boosted of information. The flow of information can bring business success. More than by single cabling can reduce power as well as cost. So the organization will benefit to save not only mone but also their valuable time.


A high level of flexibility offers the user to work the right way and meet the organizational goal. It depends on MAC factors (Moves, Adds, and Changes) which helps to minimize installation time.

Reduce Risk:

Telecommunication networking system helps to workflow faster and error remover. A human can make mistakes and recovery may need huge time investment. But using a structured cabling system, it helps the networking system to reduces risks. By organized cabling structure, the workflow can be disrupted and the network can be down. So the benefit of using a well-planned cabling system will bring short time workflow with a high level of network flow.

Future Investment:

The organization has some goals. To keep updated and compete with other, all organization need a proper bandwidth service. They need to hire an IT specialist to maintain their cabling. Every organization and business center need a center where they operate customer service. So it is a future-proof investment for all organization. This system allows them to keep growing.

The International Standard for Structured Cabling:

ANSI – American National Standard Institute, is a standard design system that follows by all cabling industry. In 1991, TIA – Telecommunication Industry Association and EIA – Electronic Industry Association, has enabled commercial building telecommunication cabling standard. It has certified by ISO/IEC-11801 as per customer premises. The international cabling standard that followed ANSI/TIA/EIA-568 cabling standard.

ANSI/TIA/EIA-568 cabling standard: It is a set of telecommunication standards. This is permitted by Telecommunication Industry Association (TIA). It has commercial building cabling product and service which relates to telecommunication.  It has developed in 1991. The last update feature comes at 2000.

TIA/EIA defines the design, build and manage a cabling system with structured. The system has a design in blocked that create a merge communication system. For an example, LAN  works as a group that represents a block with low performance. Block works here as sprit networking.

What are the risks of not switching to a structured cabling system:

There are some issues stand for the user to choose their niche cable. The user or Organisation face risks during they use it. The reasons stand as:

  • System Downtime: Organisation employees can make a mistake by operating cables. By Staff members or technicians also this fault can happen. The fault like disorganized huge cables or removed a cable. This kind of interruption can slow down the process and workflow. Thus the system can down.
  • The Airflow: Airflow issue occurs when whole body and sides are congested with cabling bulks. It happens for switch operate problem.

Airflow risk can be reduced by underfloor cooling, cabling congestion with space use.

  • Disorganised and Unprofessional: professional IT expert can maintain structured cabling system proper way. In many cases, for reducing cost, organization not hire a professional IT. So their system gets a mess and looks

Structured cabling vs conventional point to point cabling:

About Point to Point Cabling:

By point to point cabling system it defines a data center. It used fiber cables that use to connect one switch server to another switch. The fiber cable switch connects direct way with storage nit switch. This system is work as “jumper”.

Point to point cabling uses in small connection. It works through a data center as a medium. When connection center of data increases, point to point cabling flexibility low down. In that case, need to change the data infrastructure center to get more flexibility. When the first data center built, end-user terminal connection with a point to point data center.

This system has more complex and relatively price cost is higher. One demerit that point to point cabling has two surfaces:

  1. ToR: Top of the Rack
  2. EoR: End of Row

The surface use of this medium with P2P cables. It is quite expensive. That might discourage the user from a replacement for standard structured cabling system.

Related: Designing A Structured Cabling System For Voice And Data

About Structured Cabling:

Strength and flow of network system work with cables, equipment. It helps to build data workflow consistency. Structured cabling combined data, voice, security and wireless communications. Distribution areas flexible with the standard based connection.  It uses some equipment that helps to connect to the server to server. the requirement fulfill by the storage device to switch device. Structured cabling is associated and followed up by ANSI standard that has a standard design, installation in maintenance, documentation system model build. So that helps the user organization and cabling industry to use the product at a low cost and get more flexibility.